• Copperhead snakes have a yellowish or greenish tail tip Read More
  • They sometimes smell slightly like cucumber when they feel threatened Read More
  • They give live birth and doesn’t lay eggs. Interbreeding sometimes occur Read More
  • Young copperheads wriggle their tail to lure prey closer Read More
  • After a succesful bite, copperheads let their prey escape and then tracks it down Read More
  • They are most abundant in Texas, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina Read More
  • Human fatalities from its bite are rare, but its bite causes intense pain
    Read More
  • Copperhead snakes are responsible for approx. 37% of all bites from venomous snakes in the US
    Read More
  • Interbreeding between copperhead snakes and cottonmouths can occur
    Read More

Drawings are ©

Copperhead Bites

Venom from copperheads is not deadly, and when people die from copperhead snake bites it is due to an allergic reaction. People who are weak or either very old or very young may experience a significant impact on their body functions from a copperhead snake bite.
The copperhead injects its venom through ducts in its fangs. Its venom disrupts the red blood cells of its prey that in turn becomes completely subdued. Copperhead snakes have jaws that are flexible enough to swallow prey larger than twice its own diameter.

Copperhead Bite Statistics

According to U.S. poison centers, 769 cases of bites from copperheads were reported in 2001.
In total, those bites account for 37 percent of the total number of venomous snake bites4 (Figure 1).Copperhead Snake bites are rather painful, and experts suggest that you seek medical advice after a bite.

Figure 1. Approximately 37 percent of all venomous snake bites are from copperheads.

Copperhead Bite Statistics

In some states, the percentage of venomous snake bites by the Agkistrodon is much higher. Over a 40-year period in North Carolina, 64 percent of all venomous bites were from the copperhead snake.
I would be surprised if it were not the same in Georgia, Virginia, South Carolina, and Tennessee.

Swelling and tissue injury

Copperhead snake bites can cause swelling, local tissue injury, abnormally low blood pressure, lack of blood clotting, and general pain in all limbs. In recent years, there have not been many reports about deadly bites from copperheads. However, a former police officer from Madison County, Texas, died from the poison of a copperhead snake in 2006. The victim was probably allergic to its venom. The chance of a fatal bite and envenomation by a copperhead is probably less than 1 to 5,000.

In general, snake venoms can be divided into three types:

  • Cytotoxic Venom - venom that destroys cell tissue
  • Neurotoxic Venom - attacks the nervous system (here: heartbeat and breathing)
  • Hemotoxic Venom - changes the properties of the victim’s blood so it cannot coagulate

In general, the venom of pit-vipers is cytotoxic. Adders and species of cobras also have cytotoxic venom. Mamba snakes, most cobras, and in general, the elapids have neurotoxic venom. For some reason, the venom of copperhead snakes is hemotoxic.
Copperhead Snakes are only aggressive if disturbed during the mating period.

Privacy Policy

Read about the privacy policy of this website

Copyright © All rights reserved.